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Public is about the what of belonging to the people; relating to, or affecting, a nation, state, or community; opposed to private; as, the public treasury, a road or lake. Public is also defined as the people of a nation not affiliated with the government of that nation.

Public also refers to the general body of humankind, or of a nation, state, or community; the people, indefinitely; as, the public; also, a particular body or aggregation of people; as, an author's public. "public Network" means a network that is regulated as a common carrier.

Aggens (1983), in the paper titled "Identifying different levels of public interest in participation" states: "There is no single public, but different levels of public based on differing levels of interest and ability".

Selected bibliography

  1. Dewey, John. Public & Its Problems, Swallow Press, June 1954, ISBN 0-8040-0254-1.
  2. Jamie Szypka. I'm public and I'm okay with that, Toledo Blade, September 1999, ISBN 0
  3. Habermas, Jürgen. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society, (Studies in Contemporary German Social Thought), The MIT Press; Reprint edition, August 28, 1991, ISBN 0-262-58108-6.
  4. Habermas, Jürgen. The Theory of Communicative Action, Volume 2: Lifeword and System: A Critique of Functionalist Reason, Thomas McCarthy (Translator), Beacon Press; Reprint edition, 1987, ISBN 0-8070-1401-X.
  5. Hannay, Alastair. On the Public, Routledge; 1 edition, July 13, 2005, ISBN 0-415-32792-X.
  6. Kierkegaard, Soren. A Literary Review (Penguin Classics), Alastair Hannay (Translator), Penguin Classics, March 26, 2002, ISBN 0-14-044801-2.
  7. Lippmann, Walter. The Phantom Public (Library of Conservative Thought), Transaction Publishers; Reprint edition, January 1, 1993, ISBN 1-56000-677-3.
  8. Mayhew, Leon H.. The New Public: Professional Communication and the Means of Social Influence, (Cambridge Cultural Social Studies), Cambridge University Press, September 28, 1997, ISBN 0-521-48493-6.
  9. Sennett, Richard. The Fall of Public Man W. W. Norton & Company; Reissue edition, June 1992, ISBN 0-393-30879-0.


From L. publicus


  1. Pertaining to the affairs or official affairs of all people, not just those of a private group; contrasted with private.
  2. Open to all.
  3. Funded by the government.


  1. The people in general, regardless of membership of any particular group.