Difference between revisions of "Privilege"

From Nordan Symposia
Jump to navigationJump to search
Line 4: Line 4:
 
Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin privilegium law for or against a private person, from privus private + leg-, lex law
 
Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin privilegium law for or against a private person, from privus private + leg-, lex law
 
*Date: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/12th_Century 12th century]
 
*Date: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/12th_Century 12th century]
 +
 +
----
 +
 
<center>For lessons on the related [[topic]] of '''''[[Leadership]]''''', follow [http://nordan.daynal.org/wiki/index.php?title=Category:Leadership this link].</center>
 
<center>For lessons on the related [[topic]] of '''''[[Leadership]]''''', follow [http://nordan.daynal.org/wiki/index.php?title=Category:Leadership this link].</center>
  

Revision as of 20:15, 9 November 2012

Lighterstill.jpg

Privilegecov2 2.jpg

Etymology

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin privilegium law for or against a private person, from privus private + leg-, lex law


For lessons on the related topic of Leadership, follow this link.

Definition

  • a right or immunity granted as a peculiar benefit, advantage, or favor ; especially : such a right or immunity attached specifically to a position or an office

Description

A privilege—etymologically "private law" or law relating to a specific individual—is a special entitlement or immunity granted by a government or other authority to a restricted group, either by birth or on a conditional basis. A privilege can be revoked in some cases. In modern democracies, a privilege is conditional and granted only after birth. By contrast, a right is an inherent, irrevocable entitlement held by all citizens or all human beings from birth. Miscellaneous privileges, e.g. the old common law privilege to title deeds, may still exist, though of little relevance today.[1]

In a broader sense, 'privilege' can refer to special powers or 'de facto' immunities held as a consequence of political power or wealth. Privilege of this sort may be transmitted by birth into a privileged class or achieved through individual actions.

One of the objectives of the French Revolution was the abolition of privilege. This meant the removal of separate laws for different social classes (nobility, clergy and ordinary people), instead subjecting everyone to the same common law. Privileges were abolished by the National Constituent Assembly on August 4, 1789.

Notes

  1. Suzanna McNichol, The Law of Privilege (1st ed, 1992)