From Nordan Symposia
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- 1. a. An ornamental fillet, wreath, or similar encircling ornament for the head, worn for personal adornment, or as a mark of honour or achievement; a coronal or wreath of leaves or flowers.
- b. fig. Chiefly referring to the wreath with which the victor was crowned in the ancient Grecian and Roman games, or to the AUREOLA of a martyr, virgin, or doctor, as victor over the world, the flesh, or the devil; usually the sense is more or less idealized or spiritualized (e.g. in crown of martyrdom, martyr's crown; "no cross, no crown", etc.), or transferred to any kind of honourable distinction or reward bestowed upon a victor.
- 2. spec. a. The cincture or covering for the head, made of or adorned with precious metals and jewels, worn by a monarch as a mark or symbol of sovereignty; a diadem.
- b. Christ's crown of thorns.
- c. crown of thorns (starfish): a poisonous starfish, Acanthaster planci or A. ellisi.
- 3. fig. The sovereignty, authority, or dominion of which a crown is the symbol; the rule, position, or empire of a monarch. Chiefly in phrases in which the sense, originally literal, has ceased to be analysed.
- 4. fig. The wearer of a crown; the monarch in his official character; the supreme governing power of a state under a monarchical constitution.
- 5. fig. That which adorns like a crown; a chief or crowning ornament.