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The activity of being a parent; the rearing of a child or children; (with modifying word) the manner in which a parent raises a child.

Chronologic Sample

  • 1938 N.Y. Times 25 Dec. D8/2 If the parent fears his job of parenting..he, too, pulls his feelings in and looks for rules to use in place of sensitivity to the child's needs.
  • 1972 Times 30 Oct. 8/3 The single-minded, unconditional provide a loving, caring home, which is the hallmark of good parenting.
  • 1992 Metro (San Jose, Calif.) 7-13 May 49/1 Those who crave a break from parenting can park the rug rats at ‘Camp Hyatt’.
For lessons on the topic of Parenting, follow this link.


Parenting is the process of promoting and supporting the development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Parenting refers to the activity of raising a child rather than the biological relationship.[1]

In the case of humans, it is usually done by the biological parents of the child in question,[2] although governments and society take a role as well. In many cases, orphaned or abandoned children receive parental care from non-parent blood relations. Others may be adopted, raised by foster care, or be placed in an orphanage.

The goals of human parenting are debated. Usually, parental figures provide for a child's physical needs, protect them from harm, and impart in them skills and cultural values until they reach legal adulthood, usually after adolescence.


Family life is the progenitor of true morality, the ancestor of the consciousness of loyalty to duty. The enforced associations of family life stabilize personality and stimulate its growth through the compulsion of necessitous adjustment to other and diverse personalities. But even more, a true family--a good family--reveals to the parental procreators the attitude of the Creator to his children, while at the same time such true parents portray to their children the first of a long series of ascending disclosures of the love of the Paradise parent of all universe children.[1]


  1. Davies, Martin (2000). The Blackwell encyclopaedia of social work. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 245. ISBN 9780631214519.
  2. Bernstein, Robert (2008-02-20), Majority of Children Live With Two Biological Parents, retrieved 2009-03-26
  3. Parenting For Everyone (Педагогика для всех, 2000, ISBN 5-8246-0042-2)
  4. "States with full abolition". Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  5. Dare to Discipline. Bantam, 1982. ISBN 0-553-20346-0
  6. Special Report: Christian Parenting 2001
  7. Press Release: "Troubled Teen Son..." 2009