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Latin spart-, ppl. stem of sparre, f. s + parre to make ready, prepare.
1. a. The action of separating or parting, of setting or keeping apart; the state of being separated or parted. to make separation, to make a severance or division.
- b. U.S. Resignation or dismissal from employment, a university, etc.; discharge from the armed forces.
- c. separation of powers Politics: the vesting of the legislative, executive, and judiciary powers of government in separate bodies.
- 2. The action of separating oneself, withdrawing, or parting company. to make separation, to withdraw, go apart.
- 3. Cessation of conjugal cohabitation, either by mutual consent of the parties or imposed by a judicial decree granted at the suit of one of them. judicial separation: the name now given to the ‘divorce a mensa et thoro’ of the older English law:
- 4. A sect of separatists or dissenters from the Church; esp. in the 17th cent., the body of Protestant nonconformists collectively. Obs.
- 5. A separated portion, a division. Obs.
- 6. The place where two or more objects separate or are divided from one another; a parting, line of division.
- 7. Something that separates or effects a division or partition; an interval or break between two objects; a cause of separating. rare.
- 10. Navigation. = DEPARTURE 7a. Obs.0
- 11. Mathematics. The division of a partition into component partitions. Cf. SEPARATE n. 4.
- 12.. Photography. and Printing. a. Each of three or more monochrome reproductions of a coloured picture, made in different colours in such a way that they combine to reproduce the full colour of the original.
- b. The process of obtaining a set of monochrome reproductions of a coloured picture in each of which the tones correspond to the proportions of a particular colour in the original.
13. Physics The separation of the boundary layer from the surface of a body moving relative to the surrounding fluid.
14. Distinction or difference between the signals carried by the two channels of a stereophonic system; a measure of this.